Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Medical Model and Social Model of Health - Assignment Example This means every illness has another dimension, the dimension of perspective that deals with the ways that people explain and deal with illness and health. These perspectives may be unique, but the traditional medical model traditionally has tended to ignore these (Hart, 1985). In this assignment different such views from each school of thought will be dealt with backed by evidence from literature. It is hoped that the findings may be helpful in understanding of diseases from all angles so care delivery becomes more complete. Healthcare professionals work with patients in an established framework guided by medical and clinical insights. Obviously, this framework provides a narrow focus, although numerous people visit their care practitioners or clinicians daily for various reasons. The same is applicable for patients who are being treated in the hospitals as inpatients. Obviously, the reason for such care is illness. However, the question arises, is illness the only cause There are many reasons for which people deal with healthcare professionals, who are supposed to provide healthcare. ... It seems the medical model of care is placing extra attention to the medical part and the care part is gradually going into oblivion. Gradually mounting technological advances have indeed some role to play, but negligence about the existence of the social aspect of the care is also an important contributing factor. Many recent evidences suggest that "failing to effectively communicate about illness and treatment are the most frequent source of patient dissatisfaction" (Coulter 2002). Why does this discrepancy arise Research has now shown that there is a sociological aspect of health which plays a very prominent role in the patients. As an example, the issue of health beliefs can be considered. The patients' beliefs about health and disease have been implicated in health-related behaviours, uptake of health promotion and health education, perception of the symptoms, and in the patient-professional communications. In the medical model, beliefs were known to exert no significant effect, but they indeed can influence the experience of illness and even symptoms like pain. Acknowledgement of this fact from the social model may foster communication in the medical model, and a better understanding of the disease may lead to better outcome in medical treatments (St Claire et al., 1996). Mills (2000) has indicated that every time a patient and a care professional interact, the context would invariably be socially structured. Therefore, the personal experiences of these encounters must be understood within the frameworks of social and institutional relationships. Taking the case of coronary artery disease, it is now known that lifestyle associated risk factors play very important roles in genetically susceptible individuals. Cardiology practice is
Friday, January 31, 2020
Psychological perspectives for Health and social care - Assignment Example Furthermore, there are various psychological approaches to health and social care practices that one can adopt in order to improve psychological development (Moonie 2005; Brotherton & Parker 2008).The behaviourist perspective implies that changes in behaviour are caused by learning from external factors such as rewards and punishments. According to the work of popular behaviourists, Pavlov and Skinner, one learns from the consequences of ones actions; these actions are connected with the satisfaction (reward) or displeasure (punishment) that follows them, taking into consideration life experiences, genetics, individual progress and much more. The cognitive perspective is more about an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s thinking process, opinions, motivation and beliefs having an impact on behaviour. This inspires individuals to take responsibility for their own health and modify abnormal feelings and thoughts. Social learning is probably the commonest perspective; it is impossible for one to exist in a group, culture or society without conforming due to the social influence; an example of this would be smoking cigarettes because Ã¢â¬Ëall the cool kids do itÃ¢â¬â¢. The biological perspective states that behaviour is confirmed by genes, or rather the physical structure and function of the brain as it directs our behaviour; for instance excessive eating (which can lead to obesity).
Thursday, January 23, 2020
In the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell, the pig Napoleon uses specific tactics to gain power and control over the animal farm. Some of these techniques include controlling information through education, scapegoating, use of fear, swaying public opinion and blind obedience. Throughout the novel, the most prominent way that Napoleon gained power was through controlling the education that the animals received. In the beginning of the novel, Snowball believes in educating all of the animals on Animal Farm, young and old, by trying to organize committees and instituting classes devoted to reading and writing (page 39). However, Napoleon openly states that educating the young is more important that the old. When Jessie and Bluebell have puppies, Napoleon takes them away and secludes them from the rest of Animal Farm to teach them on his own (41). Throughout the novel, after Snowball's removal, education becomes less and less important, and pigs and dogs are the only animals really being taught anything. This comes in handy for Napoleon as he begins to make "adjustments" to the rules that Animal Farm is based upon, such as drinking alcohol, sleeping in beds, and walking on two legs. The fact that the animals can't do math is an advantage as wel l when Squealer starts reeling off facts and figures about rations and death rates and other nonsense (105). Another technique Napoleon takes advantage of is scapegoat...
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Ford Motor Company is one of the greatest automobile manufacturers of all time. They started under Henry Ford in Detroit, Michigan. Ford had a skill for craftsmanship when he built an experimental car in 1896. It was a twin cylinder engine with potential of 20 mph. In 1899 he left his job in order to organize the Detroit Automobile Company. FordÃ¢â¬â¢s first production was in 1903, the Model A, with an under the floor engine selling for $850. In the first season it sold 1,708 cars. After World War II production slowed down until the entrance of the 1949 line. At this time power units were new along with the automatic transmission in 1950. Great automobiles were manufactured in the coming years. The sporty Ford Thunderbird was introduced with 5.1 litres and capabilities of 113 mph. In 1958 it became a convertible with five seats and a strengthened structure. Major restyling occurred in the late 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s with such automobiles as the Falcon, a compact car, with the help of General Motors and Chrysler. During the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s competition increased and Ford had to become innovative in order to remain one of the top manufacturers. They put their minds together to create the Ford Mustang in 1964, a compact semi GT with four seats, at a price of $2480. The automobile had a 4.7 litre V8 engine with speeds exceeding 110 mph. The car was a great success and remained so until the present day selling over 500,000 in the first year and a half on the market. During the coming years Ford realized its potential. They have created some great cars including the Thunderbird, Model T, Fairlaine, Galaxie, Falcon, and Mustang. They have also increased their production well into the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s and further with the offerings of four wheel drive pickup trucks and all terrain vehicles such as the Bronco, Jeep, F series, and Ranger. They became increasingly aware of needs for change such as colors, convertibles, hardtops, and number of doors. With increased production, innovative styles, low prices, and customer satisfaction Ford Motor Company has become a worldwide leader in the manufacturing of automobiles.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Death is a common concept with common reactions. Society expects the response to the death of a spouse to be one of tears, depression, and years of mourning. However, the first time someone feels relief or happiness at the news of his or her spouseÃ¢â¬â¢s death is suddenly viewed as inappropriate, so it must be kept on the inside. The problem is that the reason behind the happiness is often forgotten to be analyzed. What was happening behind closed doors? What was the marriage representing? Mrs. Mallard is an important example of this in Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s The Story of an Hour. She just received the news of her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s death and is obliged to weep at once. Nevertheless, once she gets away from the pressure of the onlookers, she finds more happiness than sadness in which she cannot fully express outside of her room. Therefore, the main conflict originates with the gender issues shown throughout the text. These issues include a married womanÃ¢â¬â¢s identity loss, entrapm ent, and feeling of being unloved. Even though men and women are living in the most liberal times than ever before, the majority of females continues to take their husband s last name. This began many centuries ago because the husband was the only one who needed an identity, and it shows how the loss of the wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s identity is instigated as prompt as the wedding day with her name, something she has had all of her life. Chopin shows this by addressing Louise Mallard as Mrs. Mallard throughout the text until paragraphShow MoreRelatedKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s The Story of an Hour written in 1984 is a story of a woman who, through the erroneously reported death of her husband, experienced true freedom. Both tragic and ironic, the story deals with the boundaries imposed on women by society in the nineteenth century. The author Kate Chopin, like the character in her story, had first-hand experience with the male-dominated society of that time and had experienced the death of her husband at a young age. The similarity between Kate Chopin andRead MoreKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour1336 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessociety as married women. In the story of an hour, the author, Kate Chopin describes the emotions of a woman who is married and tied down to this oath for the rest of her life. The author uses the ways of the society during that time to construct a story that accurately reflects the feelings of majority of women of that time. The goal of the story is to examine how women were indirectly oppressed during those times. The story of an hour is an interesting short story that begin with telling of a heartRead MoreKate Chopin s Story Of The Hour Essay982 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKate Chopin was an American author who wrote two novels that got published and at least a hundred short stories. In KateÃ¢â¬â¢s short story The Story of the Hour she uses some of her traumatic event that happened in her lifespan in the short story even though it the story is fictional. A lot of her fictions were set in Louisiana and her best-known works focused on the lives of sensitive intelligent women. One-third of Mrs. ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s stories are childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s stories. A lot of Mrs. ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s novels were forgottenRead MoreKate Chopin s Story Of An Hour993 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfiction intermix in stories because writerÃ¢â¬â¢s base their stories of real life experiences and feelings. Kate Chopin largely based her stories off of her own life. Kate Chopin spent her childhood years in an alternative and matriarchal Louisiana town with a family that was unconventional. She challenged her nineteenth century sexist society and used her own life to put strength and feminism into her stories like Ã¢â¬Å"The StormÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"DesireeÃ¢â¬â¢s BabyÃ¢â¬ and of course Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ . She lived with herRead MoreKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour1921 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesapproaches. For Kate Chopin, the famous author of Ã¢â¬Å"The AwakeningÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ , her most successful approach was to provide audiences with short stories that proposed meaningful and strong messages. However, Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s powerful feminist images that were present throughout her writing has mostly flaunted Chopin as only a Ã¢â¬Å"pioneering feminist writer,Ã¢â¬ which has led to other messages Chopin incorporated in her writing into being overlooked. In Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ , the shortRead MoreKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour1 248 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTam Le Jennifer R. Vacca ENGL 2307 19 September 2014 The Stressful Marriage React in Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of An HourÃ¢â¬ Kate Chopin was an American author who majored in short stories mostly in topics related to feminism. Her other works include; Ã¢â¬Å"Bayou FolkÃ¢â¬ of 1894, Ã¢â¬Å"A Night in AcadiaÃ¢â¬ of 1897, and Ã¢â¬Å"The StormÃ¢â¬ of 1898. She created her story entitled Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ with the aim of using characterization to show how women behave, and the forces that bind marriages. Her character, LouiseRead MoreKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesher bosom rose and fell tumultuously. She was beginning to recognize this thing that was approaching to possess her, and she was striving to beat it back with her willÃ¢â¬âas powerless as her two white slender hands would have been. Kate Chopin Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ (477) The purpose of our entire existence is to create and build a legacy so when we depart this life the ones that we leave behind have something to keep with them. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t know the time or the place of when our lives will end onRead MoreKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of An HourÃ¢â¬ was published in 1894 in Vogue, during a time when women do not have any legal rights. They have low education level and have no opportunity to work; what they can do is stay at home and manage the family. All their lives, they rely on their husband. Women at that time do not think about why they should be treated this way; they were being silenced by society. Kate Chopin uses the character Mrs. Mallard as the representative of all women who wants freedom at thatRead MoreKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The Story of an Hour,Ã¢â¬ Mrs. Mallard is a woman trapped in her own golden cage. Throughout the story, the author, Kate Chopin, shows the true colors of matrimony during that time and what it meant in womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. Women were the only possessions attained after marriage, designated to do house labors and take care of a husband and children. Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ by Kate Chopin illustrates that marriage is another manifestation of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s abdication of liberty once they say Ã¢â¬Å"I doÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of anRead MoreKate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdramatically in some areas. For the author of both stories, Kate Chopin, she wanted the reader to get something out of the story. She likes to explore all types of themes in her stories such as, racism, the roles of women, and adultery. With these themes and messages she struggled to have most of her stories published. In many of her stories she passed along these messages through the manner of a marriage. In her short stories Ã¢â¬Å"The Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Desiree s BabyÃ¢â¬ she showed just how different marriages
Saturday, December 21, 2019
How Lauren may have learned of her Fear of Flying? How Lauren learned she had a fear in flying? Using the Classical Conditioning theory the possibilities could be endless. Classical conditioning in simple terms is the method in which one determines why and the cause of a condition as well as what has brought it about. There are many stimulus both conditioned and unconditioned that can cause fear or other problems, but the major reason for causes regarding the fear of flying has been mentioned in several articles regarding anxiety disorders. Fear of flying is created by the unconscious mind as a protective mechanism. When using the neutral stimulus explanation, Lauren may not have had a relevant response of interest. Lauren may haveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After conditioning the neutral stimulus the plane has now become a conditioned stimulus and it produces a conditioned response that is similar to the unconditioned response. This means that LaurenÃ¢â¬â¢s fear now starts when she sees the plane, and not when see actually gets on the plane. Summary is that the neutral stimulus now has a response that it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t previously have. Neutral stimulus would have no bearing in LaurenÃ¢â¬â¢s case if this were only thing involved. Lauren may have experienced an unconditioned stimulus (an example of this could be from seeing a plane crash on the news, hearing someone talking about their fear to fly or about having a bad experience when they flew). The unconditioned response to this could have left Lauren with the opinion that it was not the safe to fly, but we do not have enough information to conclude that this is true or not. Lauren could have had a condition stimulus (example experiencing problems while flying) and if this were the case it would cause Lauren to develop a condition response. The condition response would probably be that Lauren has already convinced herself that every other time she has flown she had had a bad experience and therefore why should it be anything different. Even though the original onset my have been on or off a plane, the fear can also be triggered by events: readingShow MoreRelatedFear of Flying Essay744 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesLauren may have learned of her Fear of Flying? How Lauren learned she had a fear in flying? Using the Classical Conditioning theory the possibilities could be endless. Classical conditioning in simple terms is the method in which one determines why and the cause of a condition as well as what has brought it about. There are many stimulus both conditioned and unconditioned that can cause fear or other problems, but the major reason for causes regarding the fear of flying has been mentioned in severalRead MoreDeveloping Prejudice Against Airplanes With Classical Conditioning2005 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesDeveloping Prejudice Against Airplanes With Classical Conditioning Submitted By: Montana Campbell 810069443 Danielle DiFonzo N01026731 Submitted For: Neil McGrenaghan Date: 1/12/2014 Code: PYSC 150-0BX Table of Contents Section Page # Introduction 3 Classical Conditioning vs. Prejudice 3 Classical Conditioning Diagram 5 Conclusion 9 References 10 Read MorePsychology : Personality Psychology Rough Draft1801 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagess teachings thus he sought-after out a special authority and settled on admirer scientist James Rowland Angell and life scientist Henry Donaldson (Wikipedia, 2007). Taking what he learned from Angell and Donaldson, Watson began forming his own theories regarding behavior, eventually called behaviorism. John B. Watson was before long to become called the founding father of the college of behaviourism/behaviouristic psychology/experimental psychology/psychonomics in psychology. In keeping withRead MoreEssay on Assessment of Psychopathology1956 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAssessment of Psychopathology Normally both fear and anxiety can be helpful, helping us to avoid dangerous situations, making us alert and giving us the motivation to deal with problems. However, if the feelings become too strong or go for too long, they can stop us from doing the things we want to and can make our lives miserable. A phobia is a fear of particular situations or things that are not dangerous and which most people do not find troublesome. MostRead More Phobias and the Brain Essay2357 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesfor your plane to arrive. Youve never flown before, and are more terrified than you can ever remember being. Everyone has told you the supposedly comforting statistics - millions of planes take off each day and theres only a handful of crashes, flying is safer than driving. You know rationally that there is no reason to be so scared, but regardless your heart is racing, your palms are sweating, and youre light-headed. Simply the thought of being up in the air, out of control, makes you feel faintRead MoreManagement Process and Organizational Behavior3727 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesresolution. Negotiation occurs in business, non-profit organizations, government branches, legal proceedings, among nations and in personal situations such as marriage, divorce, parenting, and everyday life. The study of the subject is called negotiation theory. Professional negotiators are often specialized, such as union negotiators, leverage buyout negotiators, peace negotiators, hostage negotiators, or may work under other titles, such as diplomats, legislators or brokers. Negotiation typically manifestsRead MoreEssay on Medea and Nietzsches Will to Power4275 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesespecially relevant to modern audiences: EuripidesÃ¢â¬â¢ valuation of the individual. She believes that he is the only classical writer to tap into two dominant themes in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world: Ã¢â¬Å"sympathy with suffering and the conviction of the worth of everyone aliveÃ¢â¬ (197). Of course, as soon as we try to classify what it means to be an individual in the modern sense, we run into the plethora of theories out there. However, Medea poses difficulties as a protagonist that seem well-suited to the Nietzschean philosophyRead MoreA Picatrix Miscellany52019 Words Ã |Ã 209 Pagesshow that the sequence of chapters is erratic and closer inspection reveals that the scope of individual chapters is far wider than appears at first sight. Philosophic doctrines (which, according to the author, are the basis of the talismanic art), theory of magic, astronomical, astrological and physical lore, extensive directions for the practice of the art, and accounts of the peoples by whom it is employed are jumbled together throughout the book, with no discernible guiding principle. If a systematicRead MoreCase Studies67624 Words Ã |Ã 271 Pagesgoals a. Identify critical statements by major parties (e.g. people, groups, the work unit, etc.). b. List all goals of the major pa rties that exist or can be reasonably inferred. Step 4: Conducting the analysis a. Decide which ideas, models and theories seem useful. b. Apply these conceptual tools to the situation. c. Step 5: Making the diagnosis As new information is revealed, cycle back to sub-steps (a) and (b). a. Identify predicaments (goal inconsistencies). b. Identify c. Step 6: Doing theRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 PagesYou remember the dinosaurs, donÃ¢â¬â¢t you? They appeared on Earth back in the day when New Jersey was next to Morocco. Construct an argument for the fact that dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago without explaining that fact. According to the theory of evolution, this is approximately the time that the Rocky Mountains and European Alps were created. And it was at about this time that the world got its first plants with flowers. (Dont worry too much about the quality of the argument; just